Arquivo da tag: #civis

ONU “horrorizada” por ataques a civis sírios

O chefe da missão humanitária da ONU condenou ferozmente ataques contra civis na Síria numa conferência de imprensa em Damasco na segunda-feira, um dia depois de uma das mais sangrentas incursões do governo na guerra de quatro anos.

“Estou horrorizada com o total desrespeito pela vida civil neste conflito” disse Stephen O’ Brien em um comunicado. Ele disse que estava “particularmente chocado “com os relatos de mortes de civis em ataques aéreos de domingo na cidade controlada pelos rebeldes de Douma, e disse que os ataques contra civis” devem parar “.

Pelo menos 96 pessoas foram mortas no domingo em 10 ataques do governo sobre Douma, de acordo com o Observatório Sírio de Direitos Humanos. Com a conferência de imprensa  O’ Brien concluiu a visita de três dias a Damasco, sua primeira ao país devastado pela guerra desde a sua nomeação em maio.

Em um comunicado divulgado pelo Escritório das Nações Unidas para a Coordenação de Assuntos Humanitários, O’ Brien apelou “a todos e a cada parte deste conflito prolongado para proteger os civis e respeitar o direito internacional humanitário.” Na declaração O’ Brien disse que havia discutido o reforço da ajuda humanitária da ONU para operações com funcionários sírios, mas permaneceu “em causa” cerca de 4,6 milhões de sírios presos nas zonas sitiadas e de difícil alcance.

Pelo menos quatro milhões de sírios foram forçados a fugir do país, e milhões de outros estão deslocadas internamente.

https://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/middle-east/2015/08/17/U-N-aid-chief-horrified-by-attacks-on-civilians-in-Syria.html

Yemen: Houthi Artillery Kills Dozens in Aden

(Beirut) – Pro-Houthi forces have repeatedly fired mortar shells and rockets indiscriminately into populated areas in the southern Yemeni port city of Aden in violation of the laws of war. In the deadliest attack, on July 19 in Dar Saad district, mortar fire killed several dozen civilians, including children.

Leaders of the Houthis, also known as Ansar Allah, should immediately cease indiscriminate attacks by their own and allied forces and take all possible steps to minimize harm to civilians. Houthi forces should not use explosive weapons with wide-area effect in populated areas because of the inevitable harm they cause to civilians.

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“Pro-Houthi forces have been raining mortar shells and rockets onto populated areas of Aden with no apparent regard for the civilians remaining there,” said Ole Solvang, senior emergencies researcher. “These unlawful attacks take a terrible human toll and should stop immediately.”

Human Rights Watch visited four areas in Aden controlled by southern resistance forces that had come under fire from Houthi rockets and mortars since July 1. Human Rights Watch also interviewed four Aden residents by phone and reviewed photographic evidence and video footage of the attacks and their aftermath published on social media.

Investigation of the impact sites and weapons remnants shows the use of multiple rockets and mortar rounds with blast and fragmentation effects that can cause injuries and damage over a wide area. These weapons, in particular unguided rockets, are difficult to target with accuracy, and when directed toward populated areas are indiscriminate. Indiscriminate attacks violate the laws of war and amount to war crimes when carried out deliberately or recklessly. Human Rights Watch has previously documented the use of unguided rockets against populated areas in Saudi Arabia by pro-Houthi forces in Yemen.

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Remnant from what appear to be a 122 mm rocket found after an attack on the Mansoura District in Aden on July 7-8, 2015. The attack killed several dozen civilians.

© 2015 Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch investigated attacks that struck areas under the control of the southern resistance committees. The areas were attacked repeatedly over several days, excluding the possibility of misdirected fire. Impact marks on buildings and walls indicated that the munitions had come from the direction of the front lines, and the impact areas were within range of pro-Houthi forces.

Human Rights Watch presented details of the attacks with Ansar Allah authorities in Sanaa, the capital, but they did not provide any concrete information about the attacks or their intended targets. A representative of Ansar Allah from the Ministry of Human Rights said that he would welcome an investigation, even an international one, including of alleged violations by Houthi forces.

Local residents in the areas attacked said that no southern resistance fighters were in those areas and that the fighters had not used the areas to launch attacks against the Houthis. Human Rights Watch saw no evidence of military installations or other military objectives that would constitute legitimate targets.

International humanitarian law – the laws of war – governs the hostilities in Yemen and Saudi Arabia. It prohibits indiscriminate attacks, which strike military objectives and civilians or civilian objects without distinction. Examples include attacks that are not directed at a specific military objective or that use weapons, such as unguided rockets, that cannot be directed at a specific military objective.

Military commanders must choose a means of attack that can be directed at military targets and will minimize incidental harm to civilians. Weapons that are so inaccurate that they cannot be directed at military targets without imposing a substantial risk of civilian harm should not be deployed. Forces deployed in populated areas must avoid locating military objectives near densely populated areas and try to remove civilians from the vicinity of military activities.

“Houthi leaders should realize that they could face a war crimes trial for ordering or even just overseeing indiscriminate rocket attacks on civilian neighborhoods,” Solvang said.

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Damage to the wall around the Al Massila primary school in Little Aden after a rocket struck it on July 9, 2015, killing a man sitting by the wall.

© 2015 Human Rights Watch

July 19 Attack on Dar Saad
Pro-Houthi forces fired mortar shells into Dar Saad, one of Aden’s northern districts, on the morning of July 19, local residents told Human Rights Watch. The shelling killed nearly 100 people, most of them civilians, according to Doctors without Borders (MSF). Human Rights Watch visited the scene of the attack the next day, July 20.

Local residents said that mortar fire began hitting the Dumina neighborhood, in the eastern part of Dar Saad, at about 9 a.m. and continued for several hours, during which mortar shells also hit the nearby Shaikhan neighborhood and the Insha’at neighborhood in western Dar Saad.

In Shaikhan, several mortar shells hit close to the local mosque. One exploded about 20 meters away between 10:30 and 11 a.m., injuring many children who were waiting in a line to collect water, witnesses said. A local policeman told Human Rights Watch:

There were many injured. I couldn’t count them all. I myself helped perhaps 15-16 children who were wounded, all of them between 9 and 12-years-old, and most of them had been standing in line for water.

Another mortar shell fell near the mosque’s main gate at about 12:30 p.m. as worshipers emerged from noon prayers, killing at least five civilians, witnesses said.

Several mortar rounds also struck the western part of Dar Saad. In the Insha’at neighborhood, a mortar shell that hit a truck in the street near a shop on Maydan street at about 9:30 a.m. wounded at least three people. Shortly after the first impact, another mortar shell struck the area next to the shop, killing at least nine people, including a 10-year-old child, and injuring at least six others, including five children, witnesses said.

A third shell hit a house at about 10 a.m. Ali Ahmad Muhammad Nagi, 45, the owner, told Human Rights Watch:

A shell fragment penetrated the roof and the first floor and got stuck in the ceiling of the ground floor, right above the bed where my 7-year-old daughter was sleeping. She is suffering now, wakes up frightened at night, in panic, remembering the loud sounds and seeing the tip of the shell hanging over her head. I was scared myself so how do you think she felt? Then the shells started raining over the area, here, there, everywhere, exploding among people helping the wounded.

Local residents said that at least 12 shells hit the neighborhood that morning.

Human Rights Watch examined more than 15 impact sites in eastern and western Dar Saad. At several there were munition remnants such as tail sections that are distinctive indicators of a mortar shell. Based on their knowledge from previous attacks, local residents said they thought the remnants came from 120 mm mortars. This was consistent with the findings of a Human Rights Watch analysis of remnants.

The areas of Dar Saad that the mortar shells hit are all two or three kilometers south of the front line between the Houthi and southern resistance forces fighting for control of Aden. Human Rights Watch examined at least four sites where mortar shells had struck the north and front-line-facing walls of buildings indicating that they had come from positions held by Houthi forces. In general, 120 mm mortars have a minimum range of 500 meters and a maximum range of over 7 kilometers. These shells can produce casualties on exposed people up to 60 meters away from the point of impact.

The international humanitarian aid organization Doctors Without Borders (MSF), which runs a hospital in Aden, reported that attacks on Aden on July 19 killed nearly 100 people and wounded about 200 others. The head of MSF in Yemen said that 80 percent of the overall casualties were civilians.

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Damage to the eastern façade of the Royal Concorde Hotel in Aden after a rocket attack on July 1, 2015.

© 2015 Private

July 9 Attack on Little Aden
At least six rockets struck B-class, a residential neighborhood close to the Aden Refinery Company in Little Aden on a peninsula west of the main city, on the afternoon of July 9. The attack killed 70-year-old Hassan Zaid, local residents said. Zaid died when a rocket struck the eastern side of the concrete wall surrounding al-Massila primary school, where more than 200 people displaced by the fighting had sought shelter, residents said. Human Rights Watch viewed a fragment pattern visible on the eastern side of the wall, but not western, indicating that it almost certainly came from the east.

Another rocket struck the north face of a house about 500 meters west of the school, also damaging a neighboring house and seriously wounding Hussein Rauf, 19. Doctors had to amputate both of his legs, local residents said.

At least four other rockets struck the area without causing further casualties. Local residents showed Human Rights Watch a large object at one site that appeared to be the remnant of a 122 mm unguided rocket.

Taken together, the damage to the school wall and the residential buildings indicate that the rockets came from the northeast. Pro-Houthi forces were in the Tawahi district, 15 kilometers away and north of the Aden airport, 20 kilometers away. In general, unguided 122 mm rockets have a minimum range of at least a kilometer and a maximum range of 20 kilometers. However, given the many variations and performance improvements made by some manufacturers, some 122 mm rockets may be capable of reaching ranges approaching 40 kilometers.

Local residents said a rocket also struck the nearby Kod al-Namer residential neighborhood at about 1 a.m. on July 9, slightly injuring one man and damaging three houses.

The attacks in Little Aden may have been directed at the Aden oil refinery. Rockets struck the refinery on June 27 and on July 13, according to media reports.

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Remnant of one of six unguided rockets that struck Little Aden on July 9, 2015. The attack killed one man and severely injured another.

© 2015 Human Rights Watch

July 7 Attack on Mansoura District
Rockets and mortar shells struck Wadea Hadad, a residential area about 500 meters west of Mansoura central prison in Mansoura District, between 10 p.m. on July 7 and 2 a.m. on July 8, killing at least six civilians and seriously wounding others, residents told Human Rights Watch. They named six of the dead, who included one woman and two children belonging to the Saleh family, ages 2 and 6. The dead children’s mother and 10-year-old sister were critically injured.

Mahmoud Abdulaziz, 29, said that the rockets struck in numerous places, some in the streets and some on cars: “I saw five people get killed in that attack, all of them civilians from this area,” Abdulaziz said.

Residents said that Gunblat Saleh Fadel, 32, died when a munition hit his car as he sought to move it to a safer place, and that a rocket killed two other people when it exploded near their car as they attempted to evacuate people from the neighborhood.

Some residents said that they could distinguish between rocket and mortar attacks because rockets generally caused greater damage to buildings, and showed Human Rights Watch rocket remnants that they had found after the attack.

The neighborhood that came under attack is known as “Army Buildings” to local residents because the Yemeni authorities formerly allocated apartments in the area to military officers. However, local residents told Human Rights Watch that there had been no firing of rockets, mortars, or other weapons from the area or any significant deployment of fighters that could have provided a justification for the Houthi attack on July 7.

July 1 Attack on Mansoura District
Multiple rockets struck Blocks 4 and 5, two residential neighborhoods in Mansoura District early on the morning of July 1, local residents said. The attack killed 18 civilians, including a child, and wounded 23 others, according to Al-Khader al-Aswar, director of the Aden office of Yemen’s Health Ministry.

Local residents said that the first rocket struck near Mansoura central prison near midnight on June 30, killing one man. A short time later, a second rocket hit a gas station on Prison Street about 40 meters from the Infinity Hotel, then accommodating several hundred people displaced by the fighting. Then, after dozens of people had rushed to the site to see if there were casualties, a third rocket hit the street nearby.

Muhammad Hussein al-Hamed, who was staying at the hotel and standing in front of it when the third rocket struck, said:

I heard a huge explosion when something hit the ground in the middle of the street right next to us. I felt something piercing my skin and bone in my right arm, my foot and the area between my thighs. I screamed. I managed to get back to the hotel on my own, but there I fainted from the pain and bleeding.

Al-Hamed said he saw about 10 other people wounded by the rocket strike. Another hotel resident said that 16 people staying there were wounded, some severely.

About one hour later, a fourth rocket struck room 411 on the fourth floor of the Royal Concorde Hotel, adjacent to the Infinity Hotel, wounding a mother and her child. One of the people staying at the Royal Concorde said:

Women and children were screaming, running out of their apartments without even wearing abayas or taking their bags. The fourth floor was filled with smoke. The family living in 411 had come to Mansoura to seek safety. Now the wife and child are in critical condition in the hospital.

At about 5:30 a.m. another rocket struck a two-story home about 40 meters from the Infinity Hotel. Omar Saleh Omar, 54, a bus driver who was living on the first floor of the house, said:

I had just returned from prayer in the mosque when I heard two huge explosions. The whole house was filled with smoke. I couldn’t see or breathe. My daughters were screaming. A fan had fallen on my oldest daughter, injuring her face, hands, and legs. When we got out of the house, we saw that the second floor was burning.

The rocket had struck the second floor of the building, where a couple lived with their 8-month-old daughter, killing the baby and mortally wounding the father, Omar said.

“It was awful, that day was awful,” Omar said. “I will never forget how she [the mother] screamed and cried. Now she doesn’t speak at all. She has been in shock since that day.”

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/07/29/yemen-houthi-artillery-kills-dozens-aden

Bombardeios sauditas matam ao menos 120 civis e ferem 150 no Iêmen, dizem fontes oficiais

Ataques aconteceram pela noite na província portuária de Taiz.

SANAA – Ataques aéreos da coalizão saudita que bombardeia o Iêmen mataram pelo menos 120 civis e feriram outros 150 ao atingirem uma área residencial na província de Taiz nesta sexta-feira, segundo fontes médicas e de segurança. Entre as vítimas na cidade portuária de Mokha, estão crianças, mulheres e idosos, cujos corpos estavam chamuscados, disseram testemunhas.

De acordo com um funcionário anônimo, muitos morreram no local porque não puderam ser transportados a hospitais em meio à luta entre os rebeldes xiitas houthis e forças leais ao governo de Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi.

Apesar dos combates em curso, várias testemunhas afirmaram que o posto de controle houthi mais próximo estava a cerca de cinco quilômetros da área atingida, não justificando o ataque.

Enquanto os governos iemenita e saudita não comentaram o ataque, outras batalhas próximas entre houthis e forças leais ao ex-ditador Ali Abdullah Saleh voltaram a matar pelo menos 20 pessoas.

Outros enfrentamentos aconteceram na cidade portuária de Áden, segunda maior do país. O local continua sendo disputado por governo e rebeldes.

Os houthis dominam a capital, Sanaa, desde o ano passado. Com o avanço contra outras cidades estratégicas do país e ameaças que levaram à fuga do presidente Hadi para a Arábia Saudita, o governo deu aval ao início de ataques aéreos contra posições dos xiitas liderados por Abdel Malik al-Houthi.

Mais de 3.800 de pessoas já morreram desde a intensificação dos confrontos e os bombardeios do país — que muitas vezes erram alvos e já atingiram patrimônios históricos, além de prédios do governo. Pausas humanitárias já foram anunciadas no país, mas os confrontos não cessam.

No meio da deterioração humanitária no país, a al-Qaeda na Península Arábica (AQPA) tem se expandido principalmente pelo Leste do país.

http://oglobo.globo.com/mundo/bombardeios-sauditas-matam-ao-menos-120-civis-ferem-150-no-iemen-dizem-fontes-oficiais-16961502#ixzz3gs8KyWbo

Ataques aéreos do regime sírio provocam pelo menos 13 mortos civis em Aleppo

Pelo menos 13 civis, incluindo sete crianças, foram hoje mortos num ataque aéreo da aviação síria na província de Aleppo, norte do país, referiu o Observatório Sírio dos Direitos Humanos (OSDH).

“Uma mulher e os seus três filhos, e ainda outra criança, foram mortos quando helicópteros lançaram uma bomba barril na povoação de Taduf”, referiu a OSDH, uma ONG que se baseia numa rede de ativistas e pessoal médico no terreno.

Taduf, situada no nordeste da província de Aleppo, é controlada pelo grupo Estado Islâmico (EI).
No oeste da província, “oito civis, incluindo três crianças, foram mortas quando aviões do regime atacaram a localidade de Daret Izza”, na posse de combatentes islâmicos e outros rebeles.

“As forças do regime continuam a atingir civis nos ataques aéreos, com bombas barril ou bombardeamentos, e para além das resoluções internacionais neta matéria”, disse à agência noticiosa AFP o responsável daquela ONG, Rami Abdel Rahman.

O mesmo responsável, que se referiu a “crimes de guerra e contra a humanidade” disse que o objetivo da campanha do regime consiste em “virar os civis contra as fações da oposição ou contra o EI, com a justificação de que os ataques aéreos são resultado da presença de combatentes no interior das cidades e povoações”.

http://www.dnoticias.pt/actualidade/mundo/528171-ataques-aereos-do-regime-sirio-provocam-pelo-menos-13-mortos-civis-em-alepp

ONU estima que 15 mil civis morreram no Iraque desde 2014

Quase 30 mil pessoas ficaram feridas em conflito, segundo relatório.
Milhares do Estado Islâmico e das forças iraquianas também morreram.

Pelo menos 15 mil civis morreram e o dobro de feridos foi registrado no conflito armado que assola o Iraque desde o início de 2014, estimaram as Nações Unidas em um relatório publicado nesta segunda-feira (13).

A ONU “registrou pelo menos 44.136 vítimas civis (14.947 mortos; 29 189 feridos) como resultado do conflito armado no Iraque”, publicou a organização na última edição de seu “Relatório sobre a Proteção dos Civis em Conflitos Armados no Iraque”.

O relatório indica que os dados, que incluem as informações registradas até o final de abril de 2015, só leva em conta as baixas que puderam ser verificadas, reconhecendo que o número real pode ser muito maior.

Embora não existam dados oficiais, milhares de soldados do grupo jihadista Estado Islâmico (EI) e das forças iraquianas também morreram nos combates até à data.

O conflito começou quando combatentes jihadistas assumiram o controle da província de Al-Anbar, no início de 2014, e intensificou-se com o lançamento pelo EI, em 9 de junho do mesmo ano, de uma grande ofensiva contra Mossul, a segunda maior cidade do Iraque, e grandes áreas do país.

Segundo a Organização Internacional para as Migrações, mais de três milhões de iraquianos foram deslocadas desde o início do conflito armado.

http://g1.globo.com/mundo/noticia/2015/07/onu-estima-que-15-mil-civis-morreram-no-iraque-desde-2014.html

Ataques do EI no Sinai egípcio deixam mais de 70 mortos

O grupo jihadista Estado Islâmico (EI) lançou nesta quarta-feira (1º) uma série de ataques sem precedentes contra o exército no Sinai egípcio, fazendo 36 mortos, em sua maioria soldados, um novo duro golpe contra o regime do presidente Abdel Fattah al-Sissi.

Confrontos eclodiram entre soldados e jihadistas após a onda de ataques, causando também 38 mortes entre os extremistas no Sinai do Norte, no leste do Egito, segundo fontes médicas e de segurança. Os combates prosseguiam nesta tarde.

Este balanço é um dos mais pesados sofridos pelo exército neste reduto do grupo Ansar Beït al-Maqdess, braço do EI no Sinai, que multiplicou os ataques contras as forças de ordem desde a destituição pelo exército do presidente islâmico Mohamed Mursi em 2013.

Na parte da manhã, os jihadistas lançaram uma série de ataques coordenados em uma escala sem precedentes contra várias posições do exército no leste de al-Arish, utilizando carros-bombas e foguetes, segundo as autoridades.

A intensidade dos combates impediu as ambulâncias de se aproximar. O exército enviou helicópteros Apache para combater os jihadistas.

“Esta é uma guerra. A batalha continua”, disse um oficial militar à AFP.

“Dado o número de terroristas mobilizados e as armas utilizadas (estes ataques são) sem precedentes”, acrescentou. Pelo menos 36 soldados e civis foram mortos, indicaram autoridades da segurança e de saúde, ressaltando que a maioria dos mortos eram soldados.

Quinze soldados foram mortos em um dos ataques, realizado com um carro-bomba contra um posto de controle ao sul de Sheikh Zouweid, perto de Al-Arish, capital do Sinai do Norte, disse um deles.

‘Exército infiel’Os jihadistas também minaram os arredores da delegacia de polícia de Sheikh Zouweid para impedir a chegada de reforços, antes de se posicionar sobre os telhados de edifícios circundantes e atacar o edifício com lança-foguetes, segundo um coronel da polícia.

Em um comunicado divulgado nas redes sociais, o grupo “Província do Sinai” reivindicou os ataques, acrescentando que três homens-bomba estavam envolvidos nos ataques.

“Os leões do califado atacaram simultaneamente mais de 15 postos de controle do exército apóstata”, disse, afirmando cercar a delegacia.

Antes chamado de Ansar Beit al-Maqdess, o grupo mudou seu nome para marcar sua lealdade ao “califado” auto-proclamado pelo grupo ultrarradical EI nos territórios conquistados no Iraque e na Síria.

Esses ataques ocorrem dois dias após o assassinato no Cairo do procurador-geral do Egito em um ataque com bomba, o mais alto representante do Estado a ser morto desde o início da onda de ataques jihadistas em 2013.

Apesar de o assassinato não ter sido reivindicado, Ansar Beit al-Maqdess convocou no mês passado seus partidários a atacar os juízes em resposta ao enforcamento de seis homens condenados por realizar ataques em nome do grupo.

Os jihadistas dizem agir em retaliação à sangrenta repressão contra os pró-Mursi, que fez mais de 1.400 mortos.

Luta contra o terrorismoEm 12 de abril, 14 pessoas, em sua maioria soldados e policiais, foram mortos em dois ataques reivindicados pelo Ansar Beit al-Maqdess no Sinai do Norte, uma região que faz fronteira com Israel e o território palestino da Faixa de Gaza.

E em 2 de abril, um ataque matou 15 soldados e dois civis, além dos 15 agressores.

Em outubro de 2014, 30 soldados foram mortos no ataque mais mortal contra o exército no Sinai.

Uma vasta campanha militar foi lançada contra os jihadistas nesta região há quase dois anos, mas não conseguiu parar os ataques.

Segundo as autoridades, centenas de policiais e soldados foram mortos desde então.

Após o assassinato do procurador, o presidente egípcio, Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, ex-chefe do exército que derrotou Mursi, prometeu uma legislação mais dura para “a luta contra o terrorismo”.

Os novos ataques no Sinai são mais um revés para Sissi, cujas forças de segurança estão travando uma repressão implacável contra os islamitas, mas também contra a oposição de esquerda e laica.

A Irmandade Muçulmana de Mursi foi classificada de organização “terrorista” no Egito e foi acusada de estar por trás dos ataques mortais nos últimos meses contra forças de segurança, o que ela nega.

Imagens mostram o sofrimento de feridos por ataques no Iêmen

Três meses de ataques aéreos no Iêmen pela coalizão liderada pela Arábia Saudita e combates terrestres não foram capazes de remover os rebeldes houthi que forçaram o presidente a deixar o país – mas deixaram um impacto devastador nos civis.

O editor de Oriente Médio da BBC, Jeremy Bowen, encontrou alguns dos feridos e desalojados na capital, Sanaa.

ATENÇÃO: as imagens podem ser fortes

 Foto: Jeremy Bowen / BBC
Homem com graves queimaduras está internado no hospital Jumhuriya, em Sanaa. Sessenta por cento dos iemenitas não têm acesso a tratamento médico

Foto: Jeremy Bowen / BBC

 Foto: Jeremy Bowen / BBC
Este bebê recebeu um relógio da mãe para que se esquecesse das queimaduras, espalhadas pelo corpo

Foto: Jeremy Bowen / BBC

 Foto: Jeremy Bowen / BBC
Montaser Mansour, de 2 anos, é acompanhado de sua mãe, Zahour. Ela culpa a Arábia Saudita pelo ataque que também destruiu a casa da família. Os ferimentos graves de Montaser estão sendo tratados, mas o hospital não tem todos os medicamentos que precisa para atender os feridos

Foto: Jeremy Bowen / BBC

 Foto: Jeremy Bowen / BBC
Ahmad Karar Ahmad, um imigrande da Etiópia, recebe tratamento para as queimaduras após um ataque aéreo. Ele ia para a Arábia Saudita em busca de trabalho quando foi atingido

Foto: Jeremy Bowen / BBC

 Foto: Jeremy Bowen / BBC
Parte da cidade antiga de Sanaa, patrimônio mundial da Unesco, foi destruída. A coalizão negou que os estragos tenham sido causados por ataques aéreos. Sanaa tem moradores há cerca de 2,5 mil anos. A Unesco diz que isso inclui cerca de 6 mil casas construídas antes do século 11

Foto: Jeremy Bowen / BBC

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Forças curdas expulsam Estado Islâmico da cidade de Kobani

As unidades de Proteção do Povo Curdo conseguiram recuperar as áreas da cidade de Kobani, no norte da Síria, próxima da fronteira com a Turquia, que tinham sido tomadas por jihadistas do grupo Estado Islâmico (EI), informou neste sábado o Observatório Sírio de Direitos Humanos (OSDH).

Segundo o Observatório Sírio, os enfrentamentos terminaram depois de as milícias curdas conseguirem controlar um colégio no centro da cidade onde os jihadistas do grupo terrorista Estado Islâmico (EI) resistiam.

As unidades curdas detonaram as instalações do colégio nesta manhã e junto com a segurança curda começaram a revistar a área em busca de membros do EI.

Desde a madrugada da quinta-feira, a cidade assiste a combates entre as Unidades de Proteção do Povo, milícias curdo-sírias, e os jihadistas, que se infiltraram no interior da cidade disfarçados de milicianos curdos e de milicianos rebeldes.

O Observatório acrescentou que pelo menos 174 civis, entre eles dezenas de crianças e mulheres, morreram nestes três dias de combates.

Kobani se transformou em símbolo da resistência curda contra o EI, ao suportar durante mais de quatro meses, entre setembro e janeiro, a ofensiva dos radicais, que no final foram expulsos.

Coincidindo com o ataque ao enclave curdo, o EI também lançou outra ofensiva para tomar o controle dos bairros em poder do regime em Al Hasaka, onde, segundo ativistas, conseguiu dominar um quarto da cidade.

http://noticias.terra.com.br/mundo/oriente-medio/forcas-curdas-expulsam-ei-da-cidade-de-kobani-no-norte-da-siria,fe36389ff7877cac3410531b6091e0d12iceRCRD.html

Ataque aéreo do regime sírio mata civis em mesquita de Aleppo, diz ONG

Ao menos 10 civis morreram, incluindo duas crianças, e 20 ficaram feridas. Fiéis estavam orando em mesquita de bairro rebelde.

Ao menos 10 civis morreram nesta segunda-feira (22) em um ataque da aviação do regime sírio contra uma mesquita de Aleppo, no norte da Síria, informou o Observatório Sírio dos Direitos Humanos (OSDH).

“O fiéis estavam em plena oração do por do sol na mesquita do bairro rebelde de Ansari, em Aleppo”, quando o aviação do regime lançou um barril com explosivos, “matando ao menos 10 civis, incluindo duas crianças, e ferindo outras vinte pessoas”, revelou a ONG, que dispõe de uma larga rede de informantes na Síria.

http://g1.globo.com/mundo/siria/noticia/2015/06/ataque-aereo-do-regime-sirio-mata-civis-em-mesquita-de-aleppo.html

Estado Islâmico assassina 9 crianças em Palmyra, na Síria

Os muçulmanos na cidade síria de Palmyra, todos membros do ISIS, levaram nove crianças e mataram todas elas. As nove crianças estavam entre vinte e três outros cativos que foram assassinados, e dez deles foram decapitados ritualmente. De acordo com um relatório:

Extremistas do Estado Islâmico no Iraque e na Síria (ISIS) executou pelo menos 23 civis na sexta-feira à medida que avançavam em direção a antiga metrópole no deserto da sírio de Palmyra, disse um grupo de acompanhamento.

O Observatório Sírio para os Direitos Humanos disse que nove crianças estavam entre os 23 mortos a tiros por militantes do ISIS perto do local do patrimônio mundial da UNESCO.

“O grupo Estado Islâmico executou o a tiros 23 civis, incluindo nove crianças, na aldeia de Amiriyeh, norte de Tadmor,” disse à AFP o chefe do Observatório Rami Abdel Rahman.

Palmyra, que significa cidade de Palmas, é conhecida em árabe como Tadmor, ou Cidade de datas.

Abdel Rahman disse que os membros da família de funcionários do governo estavam entre os mortos.

http://shoebat.com/2015/05/16/muslims-take-nine-innocent-children-and-slaughter-all-of-them/