Arquivo da tag: #houthis

Yemen: Houthi Artillery Kills Dozens in Aden

(Beirut) – Pro-Houthi forces have repeatedly fired mortar shells and rockets indiscriminately into populated areas in the southern Yemeni port city of Aden in violation of the laws of war. In the deadliest attack, on July 19 in Dar Saad district, mortar fire killed several dozen civilians, including children.

Leaders of the Houthis, also known as Ansar Allah, should immediately cease indiscriminate attacks by their own and allied forces and take all possible steps to minimize harm to civilians. Houthi forces should not use explosive weapons with wide-area effect in populated areas because of the inevitable harm they cause to civilians.



“Pro-Houthi forces have been raining mortar shells and rockets onto populated areas of Aden with no apparent regard for the civilians remaining there,” said Ole Solvang, senior emergencies researcher. “These unlawful attacks take a terrible human toll and should stop immediately.”

Human Rights Watch visited four areas in Aden controlled by southern resistance forces that had come under fire from Houthi rockets and mortars since July 1. Human Rights Watch also interviewed four Aden residents by phone and reviewed photographic evidence and video footage of the attacks and their aftermath published on social media.

Investigation of the impact sites and weapons remnants shows the use of multiple rockets and mortar rounds with blast and fragmentation effects that can cause injuries and damage over a wide area. These weapons, in particular unguided rockets, are difficult to target with accuracy, and when directed toward populated areas are indiscriminate. Indiscriminate attacks violate the laws of war and amount to war crimes when carried out deliberately or recklessly. Human Rights Watch has previously documented the use of unguided rockets against populated areas in Saudi Arabia by pro-Houthi forces in Yemen.


Remnant from what appear to be a 122 mm rocket found after an attack on the Mansoura District in Aden on July 7-8, 2015. The attack killed several dozen civilians.

© 2015 Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch investigated attacks that struck areas under the control of the southern resistance committees. The areas were attacked repeatedly over several days, excluding the possibility of misdirected fire. Impact marks on buildings and walls indicated that the munitions had come from the direction of the front lines, and the impact areas were within range of pro-Houthi forces.

Human Rights Watch presented details of the attacks with Ansar Allah authorities in Sanaa, the capital, but they did not provide any concrete information about the attacks or their intended targets. A representative of Ansar Allah from the Ministry of Human Rights said that he would welcome an investigation, even an international one, including of alleged violations by Houthi forces.

Local residents in the areas attacked said that no southern resistance fighters were in those areas and that the fighters had not used the areas to launch attacks against the Houthis. Human Rights Watch saw no evidence of military installations or other military objectives that would constitute legitimate targets.

International humanitarian law – the laws of war – governs the hostilities in Yemen and Saudi Arabia. It prohibits indiscriminate attacks, which strike military objectives and civilians or civilian objects without distinction. Examples include attacks that are not directed at a specific military objective or that use weapons, such as unguided rockets, that cannot be directed at a specific military objective.

Military commanders must choose a means of attack that can be directed at military targets and will minimize incidental harm to civilians. Weapons that are so inaccurate that they cannot be directed at military targets without imposing a substantial risk of civilian harm should not be deployed. Forces deployed in populated areas must avoid locating military objectives near densely populated areas and try to remove civilians from the vicinity of military activities.

“Houthi leaders should realize that they could face a war crimes trial for ordering or even just overseeing indiscriminate rocket attacks on civilian neighborhoods,” Solvang said.


Damage to the wall around the Al Massila primary school in Little Aden after a rocket struck it on July 9, 2015, killing a man sitting by the wall.

© 2015 Human Rights Watch

July 19 Attack on Dar Saad
Pro-Houthi forces fired mortar shells into Dar Saad, one of Aden’s northern districts, on the morning of July 19, local residents told Human Rights Watch. The shelling killed nearly 100 people, most of them civilians, according to Doctors without Borders (MSF). Human Rights Watch visited the scene of the attack the next day, July 20.

Local residents said that mortar fire began hitting the Dumina neighborhood, in the eastern part of Dar Saad, at about 9 a.m. and continued for several hours, during which mortar shells also hit the nearby Shaikhan neighborhood and the Insha’at neighborhood in western Dar Saad.

In Shaikhan, several mortar shells hit close to the local mosque. One exploded about 20 meters away between 10:30 and 11 a.m., injuring many children who were waiting in a line to collect water, witnesses said. A local policeman told Human Rights Watch:

There were many injured. I couldn’t count them all. I myself helped perhaps 15-16 children who were wounded, all of them between 9 and 12-years-old, and most of them had been standing in line for water.

Another mortar shell fell near the mosque’s main gate at about 12:30 p.m. as worshipers emerged from noon prayers, killing at least five civilians, witnesses said.

Several mortar rounds also struck the western part of Dar Saad. In the Insha’at neighborhood, a mortar shell that hit a truck in the street near a shop on Maydan street at about 9:30 a.m. wounded at least three people. Shortly after the first impact, another mortar shell struck the area next to the shop, killing at least nine people, including a 10-year-old child, and injuring at least six others, including five children, witnesses said.

A third shell hit a house at about 10 a.m. Ali Ahmad Muhammad Nagi, 45, the owner, told Human Rights Watch:

A shell fragment penetrated the roof and the first floor and got stuck in the ceiling of the ground floor, right above the bed where my 7-year-old daughter was sleeping. She is suffering now, wakes up frightened at night, in panic, remembering the loud sounds and seeing the tip of the shell hanging over her head. I was scared myself so how do you think she felt? Then the shells started raining over the area, here, there, everywhere, exploding among people helping the wounded.

Local residents said that at least 12 shells hit the neighborhood that morning.

Human Rights Watch examined more than 15 impact sites in eastern and western Dar Saad. At several there were munition remnants such as tail sections that are distinctive indicators of a mortar shell. Based on their knowledge from previous attacks, local residents said they thought the remnants came from 120 mm mortars. This was consistent with the findings of a Human Rights Watch analysis of remnants.

The areas of Dar Saad that the mortar shells hit are all two or three kilometers south of the front line between the Houthi and southern resistance forces fighting for control of Aden. Human Rights Watch examined at least four sites where mortar shells had struck the north and front-line-facing walls of buildings indicating that they had come from positions held by Houthi forces. In general, 120 mm mortars have a minimum range of 500 meters and a maximum range of over 7 kilometers. These shells can produce casualties on exposed people up to 60 meters away from the point of impact.

The international humanitarian aid organization Doctors Without Borders (MSF), which runs a hospital in Aden, reported that attacks on Aden on July 19 killed nearly 100 people and wounded about 200 others. The head of MSF in Yemen said that 80 percent of the overall casualties were civilians.


Damage to the eastern façade of the Royal Concorde Hotel in Aden after a rocket attack on July 1, 2015.

© 2015 Private

July 9 Attack on Little Aden
At least six rockets struck B-class, a residential neighborhood close to the Aden Refinery Company in Little Aden on a peninsula west of the main city, on the afternoon of July 9. The attack killed 70-year-old Hassan Zaid, local residents said. Zaid died when a rocket struck the eastern side of the concrete wall surrounding al-Massila primary school, where more than 200 people displaced by the fighting had sought shelter, residents said. Human Rights Watch viewed a fragment pattern visible on the eastern side of the wall, but not western, indicating that it almost certainly came from the east.

Another rocket struck the north face of a house about 500 meters west of the school, also damaging a neighboring house and seriously wounding Hussein Rauf, 19. Doctors had to amputate both of his legs, local residents said.

At least four other rockets struck the area without causing further casualties. Local residents showed Human Rights Watch a large object at one site that appeared to be the remnant of a 122 mm unguided rocket.

Taken together, the damage to the school wall and the residential buildings indicate that the rockets came from the northeast. Pro-Houthi forces were in the Tawahi district, 15 kilometers away and north of the Aden airport, 20 kilometers away. In general, unguided 122 mm rockets have a minimum range of at least a kilometer and a maximum range of 20 kilometers. However, given the many variations and performance improvements made by some manufacturers, some 122 mm rockets may be capable of reaching ranges approaching 40 kilometers.

Local residents said a rocket also struck the nearby Kod al-Namer residential neighborhood at about 1 a.m. on July 9, slightly injuring one man and damaging three houses.

The attacks in Little Aden may have been directed at the Aden oil refinery. Rockets struck the refinery on June 27 and on July 13, according to media reports.


Remnant of one of six unguided rockets that struck Little Aden on July 9, 2015. The attack killed one man and severely injured another.

© 2015 Human Rights Watch

July 7 Attack on Mansoura District
Rockets and mortar shells struck Wadea Hadad, a residential area about 500 meters west of Mansoura central prison in Mansoura District, between 10 p.m. on July 7 and 2 a.m. on July 8, killing at least six civilians and seriously wounding others, residents told Human Rights Watch. They named six of the dead, who included one woman and two children belonging to the Saleh family, ages 2 and 6. The dead children’s mother and 10-year-old sister were critically injured.

Mahmoud Abdulaziz, 29, said that the rockets struck in numerous places, some in the streets and some on cars: “I saw five people get killed in that attack, all of them civilians from this area,” Abdulaziz said.

Residents said that Gunblat Saleh Fadel, 32, died when a munition hit his car as he sought to move it to a safer place, and that a rocket killed two other people when it exploded near their car as they attempted to evacuate people from the neighborhood.

Some residents said that they could distinguish between rocket and mortar attacks because rockets generally caused greater damage to buildings, and showed Human Rights Watch rocket remnants that they had found after the attack.

The neighborhood that came under attack is known as “Army Buildings” to local residents because the Yemeni authorities formerly allocated apartments in the area to military officers. However, local residents told Human Rights Watch that there had been no firing of rockets, mortars, or other weapons from the area or any significant deployment of fighters that could have provided a justification for the Houthi attack on July 7.

July 1 Attack on Mansoura District
Multiple rockets struck Blocks 4 and 5, two residential neighborhoods in Mansoura District early on the morning of July 1, local residents said. The attack killed 18 civilians, including a child, and wounded 23 others, according to Al-Khader al-Aswar, director of the Aden office of Yemen’s Health Ministry.

Local residents said that the first rocket struck near Mansoura central prison near midnight on June 30, killing one man. A short time later, a second rocket hit a gas station on Prison Street about 40 meters from the Infinity Hotel, then accommodating several hundred people displaced by the fighting. Then, after dozens of people had rushed to the site to see if there were casualties, a third rocket hit the street nearby.

Muhammad Hussein al-Hamed, who was staying at the hotel and standing in front of it when the third rocket struck, said:

I heard a huge explosion when something hit the ground in the middle of the street right next to us. I felt something piercing my skin and bone in my right arm, my foot and the area between my thighs. I screamed. I managed to get back to the hotel on my own, but there I fainted from the pain and bleeding.

Al-Hamed said he saw about 10 other people wounded by the rocket strike. Another hotel resident said that 16 people staying there were wounded, some severely.

About one hour later, a fourth rocket struck room 411 on the fourth floor of the Royal Concorde Hotel, adjacent to the Infinity Hotel, wounding a mother and her child. One of the people staying at the Royal Concorde said:

Women and children were screaming, running out of their apartments without even wearing abayas or taking their bags. The fourth floor was filled with smoke. The family living in 411 had come to Mansoura to seek safety. Now the wife and child are in critical condition in the hospital.

At about 5:30 a.m. another rocket struck a two-story home about 40 meters from the Infinity Hotel. Omar Saleh Omar, 54, a bus driver who was living on the first floor of the house, said:

I had just returned from prayer in the mosque when I heard two huge explosions. The whole house was filled with smoke. I couldn’t see or breathe. My daughters were screaming. A fan had fallen on my oldest daughter, injuring her face, hands, and legs. When we got out of the house, we saw that the second floor was burning.

The rocket had struck the second floor of the building, where a couple lived with their 8-month-old daughter, killing the baby and mortally wounding the father, Omar said.

“It was awful, that day was awful,” Omar said. “I will never forget how she [the mother] screamed and cried. Now she doesn’t speak at all. She has been in shock since that day.”

Arab-led bloc: First aim to restore Yemeni govt in Aden, Sanaa later

The Saudi led-coalition fighting to reinstate Yemen’s exiled government aims first to set it up in the mostly recaptured port city of Aden and then return it to Sanaa if possible via peace talks with Houthi foes, a coalition spokesman said on Thursday.

But if the Iranian-allied Houthis did not eventually agree to quit Sanaa, the government would have the right to “get them out” by force, Brigadier General Ahmed Assiri said in an interview.

A Saudi-led Arab coalition allied with southern Yemeni secessionist fighters retook much of Aden last week in the first significant ground victory of their campaign to end Houthi militia control over much of the Arabian Peninsula country and restore the exiled president, Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi.

Yemeni forces backed up by Saudi-led air strikes have recaptured positions on Aden’s outskirts used by Houthis to fire rockets into the city, local officials said on Thursday.

Senior members of Yemen’s exiled administration flew into Aden on July 16 to make preparations for the government’s return to the major southern port, four months after it was pushed out by Houthi forces, the dominant armed faction in the conflict.

Assiri, whose side has been conducting air raids on Houthis since March 26, said the first task was to secure Aden so the government could operate from there for the moment.

First step

“Aden was the first step. Now the government will start rebuilding their military capability, their security capability, the stability in cities,” he said, and this would need time.

“We believe that going surely, step by step, if the Houthis get out of Sanaa through peace talks, then this is important.

“But if they keep controlling (Sanaa), I think the legitimate government has the right to get them out of Sanaa.”

Sanaa is in northern Yemen and has been frequently bombed by Saudi-led warplanes over the past four months.

Rights abuses

Assiri said the Houthis ought to implement U.N. Security Council Resolution 2216, which calls for the Zaydi Shi’ite movement to withdraw from cities under their control, return seized arms and allow Hadi to return from his Riyadh exile.

The Houthis have rejected that resolution, arguing they are pursuing a revolution against a corrupt government and Sunni Islamist militants, and they deny having any military or economic links to Shi’ite Iran, the Saudis’ main regional foe.

Assiri said the coalition welcomed investigators to Yemen to look into rights abuses by any side in the four-month-old war.

“I assure you the coalition is very ready to cooperate with any investigation in Yemen,” he said, noting that it would be up to the Yemeni government to grant access to the country.

But he said a Human Rights Watch accusation that coalition warplanes bombed civilians on July 24 in a possible war crime was biased, and that HRW had not sought coalition comment.

An HRW researcher acknowledged to Reuters that no such response had been sought but he said a request for comment on a previous similar investigation had received no reply.

“There is no question that this was an air strike,” said the researcher, Ole Solvang.

Human Rights Watch has accused both sides of abuses, most recently the coalition over the July 24 raid in western Yemen and pro-Houthi forces of firing rockets indiscriminately into residential areas in Aden.

“We believe the report was designed to accuse the coalition without seeing what the others do and without hearing our view,” Assiri said, adding Houthi rocket fire was to blame. He noted HRW’s report had urged an investigation into the attack, while blaming the coalition. He described this as illogical.

Arábia Saudita anuncia trégua no Iêmen

Coalizão liderada por sauditas declara cessar-fogo unilateral de cinco dias para permitir que ajuda humanitária chegue ao país. Antes, porém, ao menos 80 pessoas morreram em ataques aéreos realizados em cidade iemenita.
A coalizão liderada pela Arábia Saudita anunciou neste sábado (25/07) uma trégua unilateral de cinco dias na luta contra a milícia xiita houthi no Iêmen. O cessar-fogo, que vale a partir do primeiro minuto deste domingo, tem o objetivo de permitir a entrega de ajuda humanitária à população em dificuldade no país.

Em comunicado citado pela agência oficial saudita SPA, as forças de coalizão árabe afirmaram ainda que poderão retaliar qualquer violação da trégua promovida pela milícia xiita houthi. Segundo o documento, a pausa foi solicitada pelo presidente exilado do Iêmen, Abd Rabbuh Mansur al-Hadi.

Os houthis pró-iranianos ainda não se pronunciaram sobre o anúncio dos sauditas, que iniciaram no final de março uma guerra contra o grupo rebelde para impedir que assumam o controle total do país vizinho, Iêmen.

Bombardeios deixam ao menos 80 mortos

Na manhã deste sábado, ao menos 80 pessoas morreram em ataques realizados pela coalizão árabe na cidade iemenita de Taiz. De acordo com fontes locais, os caças bombardearam o bairro residencial de Mokha, habitado principalmente por engenheiros e trabalhadores de uma usina elétrica da região.

No início deste mês, a ONU tentou mediar uma trégua no Iêmen, um dos países mais pobres do mundo árabe. O responsável pelas Nações Unidas no país, Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed, afirmou que visitará ainda neste sábado a Arábia Saudita para negociar a implementação de um cessar-fogo global no Iêmen.

De acordo com a ONU, cerca de 12,9 milhões de iemenitas cerca de metade da população do país necessitam de alimentos e outros tipos de ajuda humanitária. Segundo a organização, desde o final de março ao menos 3 mil pessoas morreram por causa do conflito.,3474826/arabia-saudita-anuncia-tregua-no-iemen.shtml

Bombardeios sauditas matam ao menos 120 civis e ferem 150 no Iêmen, dizem fontes oficiais

Ataques aconteceram pela noite na província portuária de Taiz.

SANAA – Ataques aéreos da coalizão saudita que bombardeia o Iêmen mataram pelo menos 120 civis e feriram outros 150 ao atingirem uma área residencial na província de Taiz nesta sexta-feira, segundo fontes médicas e de segurança. Entre as vítimas na cidade portuária de Mokha, estão crianças, mulheres e idosos, cujos corpos estavam chamuscados, disseram testemunhas.

De acordo com um funcionário anônimo, muitos morreram no local porque não puderam ser transportados a hospitais em meio à luta entre os rebeldes xiitas houthis e forças leais ao governo de Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi.

Apesar dos combates em curso, várias testemunhas afirmaram que o posto de controle houthi mais próximo estava a cerca de cinco quilômetros da área atingida, não justificando o ataque.

Enquanto os governos iemenita e saudita não comentaram o ataque, outras batalhas próximas entre houthis e forças leais ao ex-ditador Ali Abdullah Saleh voltaram a matar pelo menos 20 pessoas.

Outros enfrentamentos aconteceram na cidade portuária de Áden, segunda maior do país. O local continua sendo disputado por governo e rebeldes.

Os houthis dominam a capital, Sanaa, desde o ano passado. Com o avanço contra outras cidades estratégicas do país e ameaças que levaram à fuga do presidente Hadi para a Arábia Saudita, o governo deu aval ao início de ataques aéreos contra posições dos xiitas liderados por Abdel Malik al-Houthi.

Mais de 3.800 de pessoas já morreram desde a intensificação dos confrontos e os bombardeios do país — que muitas vezes erram alvos e já atingiram patrimônios históricos, além de prédios do governo. Pausas humanitárias já foram anunciadas no país, mas os confrontos não cessam.

No meio da deterioração humanitária no país, a al-Qaeda na Península Arábica (AQPA) tem se expandido principalmente pelo Leste do país.

Bombardeio houthi no Iêmen deixa 43 mortos, diz governo exilado

Segundo o Ministério da Saúde, 173 pessoas ficaram feridas.
Há dois dias, foi declarado que Àden tinha sido libertada.

Um bombardeio de milicianos houthis e de forças leais ao ex-presidente iemenita, Ali Abdullah Saleh, na cidade de Áden matou 43 pessoas e deixou 173 feridas neste domingo (19), informou o Ministério da Saúde do governo no exílio do Iêmen, dois dias após declarar que a cidade tinha sido libertada.

Os combates continuavam nos distritos de Dar al-Saad e Sabr, no norte da cidade, e no distrito de Maashiq em Crater, enquanto combatentes locais apoiados pelo governo exilado na Arábia Saudita e por uma coalizão encabeçada por sauditas se empenhavam em retomar as partes restantes de Áden.

Os combatentes e os efetivos do Exército iemenita leais ao presidente exilado, Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi, tomaram o aeroporto de Áden e outras áreas centrais em um avanço repentino na semana passada, que pôs fim a meses de impasse na localidade.

O avanço foi auxiliado pelo esforço de países do Golfo Pérsico em treinar e equipar as forças do Exército fiéis a Hadi e transportá-las a Áden, a segunda maior cidade do Iêmen e sede de seu principal aeroporto.

Os combatentes locais em Áden vêm sendo apoiados pelos ataques aéreos da coalizão há quase quatro meses, mas com frequência hasteiam a bandeira de um movimento separatista do sul do Iêmen ao invés de declarar lealdade ao governo exilado de Hadi.

A coalizão liderada pela Arábia Saudita começou sua campanha em 26 de março, acreditando poder reverter meses de avanços dos houthis depois que o grupo partiu de seu bastião no norte do país no ano passado, capturando a capital Sanaa e abrindo caminho pelo sul rumo a Áden.

Riad teme que o Irã, seu principal inimigo, use a aliança com os houthis para projetar sua influência na vizinhança sul do reino, ameaçando a fronteira saudita mais adiante.

O governo sunita de Riad também acredita que o avanço dos xiitas houthis irá agravar a violência sectária no Iêmen, minando ainda mais a estabilidade da nação e permitindo que grupos jihadistas como o Al Qaeda se consolidem ali antes de atacarem a Arábia Saudita.

Forças contrárias aos Houthi no Iêmen avançam com apoio de ataque aéreos sauditas

ÁDEN/SANAA (Reuters) – Combatentes locais e as Força Armadas do Iêmen recuperaram duas bases militares controladas por forças Houthi, disseram moradores e representantes do governo, acumulando ganhos em uma semana de avanços contra a facção que passou a dominar o país.

As ofensivas mais recentes ocorreram um dia depois de o governo do Iêmen no exílio ter declarado que a estratégica cidade de Áden, no sul do país, foi “libertada”, em sua maior vitória desde o início de uma guerra civil que matou mais de 3,5 mil pessoas e de uma campanha aérea liderada pela Arábia Saudita.

As forças iemenitas, apoiadas pelos sauditas, investiram contra a base militar de Labuza, na província de Lahj, e contra o quartel-general da 117ª divisão blindada, no leste da província de Shabwa, alvos cerca de 230 km distantes entre si.

Oficiais das forças que lutam contra os Houthi disseram que a ofensiva foi planejada por semanas, e que se beneficiaram de treinamento e armamentos fornecidos por Arábia Saudita e Estados Unidos.

A guerra no Iêmen levou Estados muçulmanos sunitas do Golfo Árabe a se organizarem contra os xiitas Houthi, apoiados pelo Irã, conflito que elevou a tensão em um Oriente Médio cheio de rivalidades regionais e disputas sectárias.

Iémen: governo no exílio anuncia reconquista de Aden

Os combatentes fiéis ao governo iemenita exilado na Arábia Saudita retomaram esta sexta-feira o controlo da totalidade de Aden, incluíndo o porto da principal cidade do sul do Iémen.

O anúncio da “libertação” de Aden, que tinha caído nas mãos da rebelião houthi no fim de março, foi feito pelo primeiro-ministro iemenita, a partir do exílio em Riad, e confirmado pela população local.

A reconquista da cidade portuária marca um ponto de viragem depois de quase quatro meses de conflito que fizeram mais de 3500 mortos e um milhão de deslocados.

Apesar do anúncio, residentes constatam ainda tiroteios esporádicos, em vários bairros de Aden.

Os rebeldes xiitas, apoiados pelo Irão, continuam a controlar a capital Saná, apesar da ofensiva das forças progovernamentais, com o apoio da campanha de bombardeamentos liderada pela Arábia Saudita.

Escassez de combustível pode gerar mais mortes no Iémen

A escassez de combustível no Iémen, devido aos conflitos e às restrições nas importações pode, num futuro próximo, causar de mais mortes no país do que os atuais combates, denunciou hoje a organização internacional Oxfam.

A falta de combustível afetou o fornecimento de água e de alimentos e os serviços médicos de 84% dos iemenitas, que necessitam de ajuda urgente e enfrentam um risco crescente de doença e desnutrição, refere a Oxfam, em comunicado.

Desde o final de março passado, quando começou a ofensiva de uma coligação árabe liderada pela Arábia Saudita contra os rebeldes xiitas huthis, a citada aliança impôs restrições às importações, que não foram levantadas apesar da atual trégua humanitária, que está a ser violada por ambos os lados.

Philippe Clerc, diretor da Oxfam no Iémen, assegurou que depois de mais de 100 dias de luta, os iemenitas “necessitam de um fluxo constante de abastecimentos no país e de um cessar-fogo permanente para permitir a entrega de combustível e outros mantimentos”.

“Caso contrário, muitas mais pessoas morrerão desnecessariamente. Sem um ação urgente, a escassez poderá matar mais pessoas do que as balas ou as bombas”, sublinhou Clerc.

O combustível que entra no país totaliza apenas 20% do que é necessário e os alimentos e medicamentos que se podem distribuir são também insuficientes e permanecem, muitas vezes, bloqueados nos portos por falta de combustível para os transportar”.

“Sem um fornecimento adequado de combustível, as bombas de água não poderão operar por mais tempo e os alimentos e medicamentos limitados que se encontram nos principais portos do Iémen vão estragar-se, já que não podem ser transportados para os 21 milhões de pessoas que necessitam de ajuda”, disse o responsável da Oxfam.

Cerca de 20 milhões de pessoas, 80% da população, necessita de água potável neste momento.

Atualmente, pelo menos 1.8 milhões de crianças estão com risco de diarreia e cerca de 400.000 milhões poderão sofrer de desnutrição severa, diz a nota da Oxfam.

Segundo a Organização Mundial de Saúde, pelo menos 120.000 milhões de crianças poderão morrer se não se proporcionar água potável, atenção adequada e alimentos.

Além disto, pelo menos 500 mulheres grávidas enfrentam um maior risco de morrer durante o parto, já que a escassez de combustível obrigou a fechar hospitais e salas de maternidade.

Desde que começaram os bombardeamentos da coligação, em finais de março, mais de 3.000 pessoas morreram, metade das quais civis, e um milhão teve que abandonar as suas casas, segundo dados da Organização das Nações Unidas (ONU).

O secretário geral da ONU, Ban Ki-moon, manifestou-se na segunda-feira “muito dececionado” pelo fracasso da trégua humanitária que devia observar-se desde sexta-feira e assegurou que a sua organização mantém contactos com todas as partes para tentar parar a violência.

Forças Iemenitas da Resistência Popular retomam aeroporto de Aden

Combatentes pró-governo no sul do Iêmen apreenderam o aeroporto de Aden na terça-feira após o lançamento de uma nova ofensiva apoiada por aviões de guerra e navios liderados pela Arábia Saudita contra milícias apoiadas pelo Irã, disseram fontes militares.

Os combatentes da Resistência Popular também rechaçaram as milícias Houthis e seus aliados dentro da cidade portuária devastada pela guerra, disseram as fontes.

Navios de guerra ao largo da costa de Aden participaram da batalha e um funcionário presidencial disse que fazia parte de uma nova campanha militar para recuperar o controle de toda a cidade. O presidente exilado Abedrabbu Mansour Hadi está “supervisionando pessoalmente a operação” chamada “Operação Golden Arrow para a Libertação de Aden”, disse o diretor do escritório de Aden, Mohammed Marem.

Soldados da 39ª Brigada Blindada haviam capturado o aeroporto de Aden em 25 de março, depois de alternar lealdade às milícias Houthis . As milícias Houthis e seus aliados têm desde então passado a aproveitar o palácio presidencial e outras partes de Aden, a segunda maior cidade do Iêmen e do seu porto de mar principal.

A retomada do aeroporto de Aden é a primeira conquista significativa para os combatentes pró-Hadi desde que o presidente entrou em apuros fugindo da cidade portuária no final de março devido a ofensiva rebelde. As milícias invadiram Sanaa em setembro sem oposição e passaram a ser auxiliadas por tropas leais ao ex-presidente Ali Abdullah Saleh para expandir seu controle para várias regiões.

Ataque aéreo de coalizão no Iêmen deixa mortos após início de trégua

Ataques aéreos liderados pela Arábia Saudita mataram 21 civis na capital do Iêmen, Sanaa, na manhã desta segunda-feira, disseram parentes de vítimas e médicos à Reuters, dois dias após o início de uma trégua humanitária intermediada pela Organização das Nações Unidas (ONU), não reconhecida por Riad.

“Três mísseis miraram no bairro, destruindo 15 casas, matando 21 pessoas e ferindo outras 45”, disse um morador.

Uma aliança liderada pela Arábia Sauditabombardeou a milícia houthi e Forças militares leais ao governo do ex-presidente Ali Abdullah Saleh desde 26 de março, com objetivo de expulsá-los de áreas no sul e centro do país e restaurar o governo exilado.

Os houthis, que são aliados ao Irã, principal rival regional de Riad, avançaram de sua fortaleza no norte há um ano, capturando a capital Sanaa em setembro, e seguiram para o sul neste ano, gerando os ataques aéreos liderados pela Arábia Saudita.

Mais de 3 mil pessoas foram mortas no confronto e ataques aéreos até o momento, ampliando uma crise humanitária existente, mas os houthis e as Forças de Saleh permanecem no povoado lado ocidental do país.

A ONU intermediou uma pausa no confronto na sexta-feira para permitir a entrega de ajuda humanitária, mas a aliança liderada pela Arábia Saudita informou que não foi pedida pelo presidente exilado do Iêmen, Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi, para parar os ataques.

Pessoas buscam por sobreviventes em escombros de ataque em Sanaa  (Foto: Khaled Abdullah/Reuters)Pessoas buscam por sobreviventes em escombros de ataque em Sanaa (Foto: Khaled Abdullah/Reuters)

Menina chora após um bombardeio comandado pela Arábia Saudita matar o pai dela em Sana, capital do Iêmen. Ataques feitos na manhã desta segunda-feira (13) na cidade deixaram ao menos 21 civis mortos, segundo testemunhas (Foto: Khaled Abdullah/Reuters)Menina chora após um bombardeio comandado pela Arábia Saudita matar o pai dela em Sanaa, capital do Iêmen (Foto: Khaled Abdullah/Reuters)